Denmark's military contribution to the coalition's fight against ISIL consists among other things of a capacity building contribution.
Iraqi soldiers are being trained in sniping. Photo: Danish Defence.
The terrorist movement ISIL (Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant) has since 2014 exposed the civilian population in Iraq and Syria to systematic abuse and human rights violations. The attacks have resulted in millions of refugees and have threatened stability throughout the Middle East.
Despite the fact that ISIL has lost control over its physical territory, the group still poses a very real threat regionally as well as against Danish and international security, since ISIL recruits and inspires Western citizens. ISIL seems to be increasingly resorting to terrorist attacks outside of Iraq and Syria, and thus poses a more direct threat to countries such as Denmark.
Denmark's military contribution to the coalition's fight against ISIL consists among other things of a capacity building contribution. On the 16th of January 2018 a broad majority in the Danish parliament approved the deployment of further up to approx. 30 soldiers in a security role. This deployment will be included in the capacity building contribution, will bring the contribution’s strength up to approx. 180 soldiers. The capacity building force contribution counsels and trains Iraqi forces on the Al Asad air base in western Iraq. In addition, Denmark supports the coalition with a radar contribution that provides airspace surveillance in support of the coalition's air operations. The contribution consists of a mobile radar located on the Al Asad air base and up to approx. 30 personnel, including operators deployed to the Al Dhafra Air Base in the United Arab Emirates. Denmark has also deployed a staff contribution of up to approx. 20 people to the coalition's headquarters.
Denmark is set to take over the leadership of the NATO Mission Iraq from the end of 2020 to mid-2022. Denmark is taking over the leadership from Canada NMI supports and supplements the coalition’s training in Iraq, Operation Inherent Resolve (OIR).
The international legal basis for the Danish military contribution is consent from Iraq and the right to collective self-defense of Iraq against ISIL pursuant to Article 51 of the UN Covenant.
Through the UN Security Council on 25 June 2014, the Iraqi government has asked the international community for assistance to fight ISIL. The UN condemns ISIL and the serious abuse and human rights violations in violation of Resolution 2178 of 24 September 2014 and Resolution 2170 of 15 August 2014. Furthermore, in Resolution 2249 adopted on 20 November 2015, the UN Security Council has ruled that ISIL represents a global and unprecedented threat to international peace and security, and that ISIL has the ability and intent to carry out further terrorist attacks.
The Danish contribution to the fight against ISIL has been deployed on the basis of UN resolutions and an American request to Denmark to support US-led efforts. The Iraqi Foreign Minister has welcomed the Danish military assistance.
Period of timeFra 2014