The Ministry of Defense UN pooled funds
The Ministry of Defence has since 2012 distributed its UN pooled funds to projects and initiatives supporting the UN’s ability to carry out peacekeeping and stabilization efforts. The pool is financed with means from the Peace- and Stabilisation Fund and has since its establishment had an annual budget of 3-5 million DKK.
In order to ensure continuity and quality, the UN pooled funds will for the first time be implemented through three-year projects from 2019 to 2021. The allocation of funds is 5 million DKK annually in 2019, 2020 and 2021, amounting to 15 million DKK for the full period.
The overall purpose of the UN pooled funds is to support tangible initiatives which contribute to the UN’s peacekeeping efforts. The funds are granted according to themes of priority rather than geographic areas and will in this way seek to improve the UN’s ability to carry out peacekeeping work across the entire organization.
More specifically, the following five thematic areas will be supported in 2019-2021:
- i. Strengthening the role and meaningful participation of women in UN peacekeeping and stabilisation efforts
- ii. Development of the use of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities (ISR-capabilities) in UN peacekeeping missions
- iii. Measures to mitigate the threat from improvised explosives (IED’s) at the doctrinal level
- iv. Technology in the UN’s peacekeeping missions
- v. Education and training activities
Implementation of the 2019 projects is now well underway. Regarding (i) on strengthening the role of women in peacekeeping, Denmark has in 2019, as a pilot-project, sponsored the participation of two female officers from Kenya and Ethiopia in a recognized mission-preparation course in Finland. Other funds will be spent on a UN e-learning course concerning the importance of the Women, Peace and Security Agenda related to UN resolution 1325, reaching a potential target audience of more than 10,000 students. Regarding (ii) development of the use of intelligence in UN missions, the funds will be spent on enhancing the peacekeeping forces’ own teaching capacities, including with regards to the use of intelligence. Denmark also participates with subject matter expertise in working groups tasked with the development of training material and handbooks.
Regarding (iii) measures to mitigate the threat from IED’s, the UN pooled funds will support the work of the UN’s Mine Action Service (UNMAS). UNMAS has the overall responsibility for the development of policy, doctrines and ‘best practice’ concerning IED’s within the UN system. This project is an example of the integrated approach of the Peace and Stabilisation Fund, as the support for UNMAS work with IED’s at the doctrinal level complements the existing Danish support to the work of UNMAS to remove IED’s in Iraq.
Concerning (iv) technology in the UN’s peacekeeping missions, the funds will be used at the UN’s “Signals Academy” in Uganda which provides a wide range of courses addressing the use of ICT and modern communications technology in the peacekeeping missions, including regular signals technology. The support for (v) education and training activities will be pledged to the UN’s Integrated Training Service responsible for the overall training of the peacekeeping forces. Focus will primarily be on activities delivered through “training of trainers” and will in this way reach a broader training audience, in turn ensuring better national anchoring.
An annual reserve will be kept un-earmarked and thus held for disposal throughout the period in order to be able to react to emerging needs for funding.
The UN pooled funds makes it possible to support projects with big flexibility and on short notice, contributing to the improvement of the UN’s stabilisation- and peacekeeping capability.
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